DDI Publications

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Below are presentations, posters, publications, and working papers about the Data Documentation Initiative. If you know about publications or presentations not listed here, please see our Adding Publications page.

Green A, Humphrey C.  2013.  Building the DDI. IASSIST Quaterly. 37:36–44.

Hansen SEllen, Iverson J, Jensen U, Orten H, Vompras J.  2011.  Enabling Longitudinal Data Comparison Using DDI. DDI Working Paper Series (Longitudinal Best Practise).

This paper looks at the growing variety of data sources in research – e.g., biomarkers – that are not traditional question-based surveys, and how these can be usefully documented.


This paper proposes best practice for the use of DDI to ensure that there are appropriate metadata to compare data produced across repeated data collection over time.


This paper describes the Questionnaire Development Documentation project, a system created by GESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences to permit permanent electronic documentation of questionnaire development and the final state of the...

Ionescu S, Hoyle L, Kleemola M, Mechtel M, Olsson O, Thomas WThomas.  2010.  Using DDI 3 for Comparison. DDI Working Paper Series (Use Cases).

This paper explores how archives can use DDI 3 to support and document data comparison and harmonization.


This paper focuses on the creation of an open source DDI 3 editor built using a layered architecture at the Danish Data Archive (DDA).